Heavy fighting erupts near Congo-Uganda border

(KINSHASA, Congo) — Heavy fighting erupted Wednesday as the Congolese army attacked one of the last remaining strongholds of the M23 rebels near the Ugandan border, forcing more than 10,000 Congolese to flee into Uganda, officials and humanitarian workers said Wednesday. Among those crossing the border Wednesday was Bertrand Bisimwa, the civilian head of the M23 rebel movement, who was reported to be on his way to the Ugandan capital, Kampala, at the request of a mediator trying to bring an end to the 18-month rebellion, according to Uganda’s top military spokesman. Bisimwa does not face arrest in Uganda, which has been mediating failed peace talks between the Congolese government troops M23 rebels since December, said Uganda Lt. Col. Paddy Ankunda. The talks stalled again earlier this month, and within days clashes erupted between United Nations-backed Congolese forces and the rebels. Another Ugandan army spokesman, Lt. Ninsiima Rwemijuma, said Wednesday that two M23 rebels armed with AK-47 rifles surrendered to Ugandan border authorities Wednesday morning. Rwemijuma, who speaks for Ugandan forces near the Congo border, said the militants were believed to be M23 fighters. They were disarmed and are now “under investigation,” he said. Bunagana is believed to be the rebels’ last significant stronghold after a recent Congolese military offensive prompted the rebels to retreat — the reason many Congolese are now crossing into Uganda with some of their prized possessions. Lucy Beck, a spokeswoman for the U.N. refugee agency in Uganda, said the Congolese crossing the border are now “too many to count.” Humanitarian workers on the Ugandan side of the border could hear gunfire from the Bunagana border post just a few kilometers (miles) away. The number of Congolese seeking refuge in Uganda rose from 5,000 to more than 10,000 within hours Wednesday, she said. Julien Paluku, the governor of North Kivu province, confirmed that clashes were under way near Bunagana. The M23 movement emerged in April 2012, the latest incarnation of an ethnic Tutsi rebel group dissatisfied with the Congolese government. Neighboring Rwanda, whose president is also………….

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